need help right now! help partitioning drive for ubuntu 7.10

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Sphinx

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Aug 5, 2003
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I will admit I'm very new to linux, so please help me!

I've read a lot about how linux uses partitions. I have a laptop with a 30GB hard drive. I want to install windows XP on it later for dual booting, so I want to leave about 16gb for that, preferably a little more.

The system is a pentium M 1.7ghz, 512MB RAM, some crappy 32MB video card.
I guess the hard drive is SCSI because its coming up as "sda" in Gnome partitioner. I found this odd as I thought almost all home-use laptops came with IDE drives.

Anyway, I need advice on how to set up my partitions. Here are my thoughts

100MB for a /boot partition, right at the very beginning of the hard drive

The next 12GB as /root partition

Then what is this /home partition I keep reading about - is this necessary?


So then I'd have about 18GB left to install windows xp at a later time.


So can someone help explain to me what the /home partition is for? And I understand the /boot partition is where I would put the GRUB boot loader?
Is it a good idea to make seperate partitions for TEMP directory and such - I have read about this too but have'nt looked much into it.


And so to do all this, I have an ubuntu 7.10 alternate CD (desktop edition). So I when the partition editor comes up, I must go to manual (not guided) if I want to set up these extra partitions such as /home , /tmp, etc.

Can someone help me with this tonight I'm trying to get this done by morning!

Thanks!
 
Joined
Jun 11, 2004
Messages
3,888
A 10Gb for "/" and 1Gb for swap will work for 100% of the Linux distros.

The /boot, /root and /home can then be subdirectories to /.

Separating them are really for the server application where there may be a need to control the access of them by hundreds of users. In such case you probably would not be using Ubuntu.

Just run Ubuntu as a Live CD, click terminal and type
Code:
sudo su
cfdisk /dev/sda
Every partition you create will be Type 83 sutiable for Linux installation. For swap you change its Type No. to 82. For NTFS partition you change the Type No. to 7 and XP will seize it for installation.
 
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